THE KING OF NORTH AND THE KING OF SOUTH (Part 5)
A — THE SECOND AND LAST IDENTITY OF THE TWO KINGS
“And he will muster his power and his heart against the king of the south with a large army, and the king of the south will prepare himself for the war with an exceedingly large and mighty army. And he will not stand, because they will plot schemes against him. And those eating his delicacies will bring his downfall.
“As for his army, it will be swept away, and many will fall down slain.
“As regards these two kings, their heart will be inclined to do what is bad, and they will sit at one table speaking lies to each other. But nothing will succeed, because the end is yet for the time appointed.
“And he will go back to his land with a great amount of goods, and his heart will be against the holy covenant. He will act effectively and go back to his land” (Daniel 11:25–28).
According the context of Daniel’s prophecy chapters 2, 7, 8, it is a description of a worldwide Roman civilization Influence or Roman Late Antiquity (Late Roman Empire) or Late Greco-Roman Antiquity context.
And to determine the very generic identity of these two Kings until our days, we should review the historical outline of the Roman Empire. The difficulty is to know the adequate biblical identity that would be a generic expression of the identities of the future King of the North and the King of the South. For this, it is important to know that the Roman Empire would definitely be split in two worldwide territories:
Who are the respective Kings of those Roman Empires, the Eastern Roman Empire and the Western Roman Empire?
In Daniel 11:25,26, it is written that the King of the North takes the initiative in the conflict. The Germanic peoples will be the iron of the lance, by attacking the King of the South, the Western Roman Empire. In response, he “will prepare himself for the war” but as a result, he “will be swept away” and “will fall down slain”. Finally the Germanic peoples will impose their military superiority over the Western Roman Empire in 476 C.E. and formally incorporating the Eastern Roman Empire in 480 C.E.
Comparing Daniel 11:25, 26, and the History of Western Roman Empire, we easily understand that the Eastern Roman Empire becomes the King of the North (in its Germanic Part), and the Western Roman Empire, the King of the South. The Eastern Roman Empire will survive the collapse of the Western Roman Empire officially occurred in 476 C.E.
The following biblical passage of Daniel 11:25–43, is simply the historical statement of this struggle for the world influence between Western Roman Empire (King of the South) and the Eastern Roman Empire (King of the North), in the framework of the Roman Late Antiquity (Roman Influence). However, each of these two Worldwide Roman Influences (two iron legs (Daniel 2)), over the centuries, will be a country or a coalition of countries which would act on his behalf or “spearhead” of one of this two Roman Empires.
Regarding to Daniel 11: 25,26, there are two main factors that caused the collapse of the Western Roman Empire officially in 476 C.E.: the German people’s war against the Western Roman Empire. After the victory, the Germanic people would integrate the Eastern Roman Empire, in 480 C.E. The second factor is described as either a decline or its own societal decay: “And those eating his delicacies will bring his downfall”…
The Germanic Peoples were part of the Roman Empire. So the beginning of this conflict between the two Kings, took place within the origin sphere of influence of the two Roman Empires, in the Western and the Eastern part.
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